Honors 11: No Exit Wrap Up and Rhinoceros Introduction

Here’s the PDF of Rhinoceros. You are reading through pg. 53 approx. of the play for Thursday. Meet in the innovation lab tomorrow for Teach the Class Assignment work.

Some additional concepts we should also take away from our No Exit discussion:

1. Sartre meant, in saying “Hell is other people,” that because nothing is more than ourselves, then, if our relations with others are warped and depraved, then hell is others. If hell is other people for us, then WE are to blame and it could always be other wise.

2. Relations with others is only one theme of the play. Encrustation (think fancy dining roles) and freedom are other themes. It is difficult to change ourselves because, through their gaze, they transmit an image of us that constrains us and so restricts our freedom. If one lives in the world as if everything is unchangeable, then one has created hell.

3. The moral, or the hope, is that the audience should see life differently because they can still change their life. Garcin, Estelle, and Inez are all entrapped, encrusted, but only so long that they maintain the pretense that they are not free. The audience hopefully should not identify with the characters in the play.

4. Each of the characters is dependent on others. Each hopes, needs to convince the others of whom he or she wants to be, and so to have that image of him or herself confirmed.

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About Emily Mullins

English and Journalism teacher at Berkley High School in Berkley, MI.
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